The Origin of Chinese Science and Civilization-Volume 1

The Origin of Chinese Science and Civilization 

Honghai Deng

 

Volume 1

Exploring the Origin of Chinese Science:

The One Million-year History of

the Co-evolution of Human Culture and Spherical Artifacts

 

Contents

 

Preface

 

Chapter 1. Introduction to Exploring the Origin of Science

1.1   From Paleolithic Spheres to  the Origin of Science

1.2   Materials and Methods for Exploring the Origin of Science

  • 3 The Research on the Co-evolution of Human Cognition and Artifacts

 

Chapter 2. The Co-evolution of Spherical Artifacts and Calendric Thoughts in China

  • 1  The Hypothesis on the Co-evolution
  • 2 Paleolithic Spheres and Primitive Lunar Calendars
  • 3 Neolithic Spheres and Developed Lunar and Developing Lunar-Solar Calendars
  • 4 The Tradition of Using Ball Motifs from Neolithic to Iron Ages
  • 5  The Adequate Verification of the Hypothesis
  • References

 

  • Chapter 3. The Climax Community of Ancient Balls in China: a Binary Calendric Information

System

  • 1 Leibniz’s Guess

3.2 Hole Patterns on the Pottery Balls

3.3 The Permutations and Combinations of Holes for 6-Bit Binary Coding of Data

3.4 The Transformation of Data into Information

3.5 The Support of the Binary Information System to Leibniz

References

 

Chapter 4. The Distribution of Ancient Spheres in China

  • The Birth-place of Spheres in Paleolithic China
  • The Popularization of Spheres in Neolithic China
  • The New Stage of Development of Spheres in Late Neolithic China

 

Chapter 5.  The Evolution of Ancient Spheres in China

  • The Evolution of Spheres in Paleolithic China
  • The Evolution of Spheres in Early-mid Neolithic China
  • The Peak of Development of Spheres in Mid-late Neolithic China
  • The Decline of Spheres in Chalcolithic China

 

Chapter 6.  Ancient Spheres Alienated to Be Heaven, Magic or Burial Balls in China

  • The Origin of the Worship of Spheres in China
  • The Worship of Spheres in Neolithic China
  • The Deifying of Worship of Spheres in Chalcolithic China
  • The Top Deifying of Worship of Spheres in Bronze China

 

Chapter 7. Ancient Spheres Alienated to Be Toys and Weapons

7.1 Stone Balls Played as Footballs from the Period of Warring States

7.2 Leather Balls Played as Polo in the Han and Tang Dynasties

7.3 Rubber Balls Played as Footballs, Golf balls in Song and Yuan Dynasties

7.4 Stone Spheres Alienated to be Weapons from the Period of Warring States

 

Chapter 8. The One Million-Year Process of Chinese Cultural Evolution Traced by

Ancient Spheres

  • The Country-wide Verification of the Hypothesis
  • The Historic Contributions of Ancient Chinese Spheres and Their

Contemporary Significances

  • Why Chinese Culture Has Been the Only Durable One in the World:

the One Million-year Process of Co-evolution of Chinese Spheres and Culture

References

 

Chapter 9. The Ancient Spheres in Africa

`          9.1 Stone Balls in the African Early and Middle Stone Age

9.2 The End of Evolution of Spheres in Africa and Ancient Egypt

 

Chapter 10. The Ancient Spheres in Near East and Europe

10.1 The Distribution of Stone and Clay Balls in Neolithic Near East and Europe

10.2 The Usages of Stone and Clay Balls in Neolithic Near East and Europe

10.3 The Contributions of Stone and Clay Balls in Neolithic Near East and Europe

10.4 The Premature End of Evolution of Ancient Balls in Near East and Europe

10.5 The Climax Community of Acient Balls in Near East and Europe:

A Majority of Carved Stone Balls in Late Neolithic Scotland

 

Chapter 11. The Ancient Spheres in India

11.1 Stone Instruments and Balls in Chalcolithic India

11.2 The Source of Ancient Balls in India

 

Chapter 12. The Ancient Spheres in Costa Rica and Other New-world Regions

12.1 The Long History of Spherical Artifacts in New-world

12.2 The Wide Distribution of Spherical Artifacts in New-world

12.3 The Late-maturing Evolution of Spherical Artifacts in New-word

12.4 The Climax Community of Ancient Balls in New-world: the Concentration of Stone

Balls in Costa Rica during the Period 300BC to 1500 A

 

Chapter 13. The Only One Million-year Process of Spherical Evolution in the World

13.1 The Word-wide Verification of the Hypothesis

13.2 China’s Contributions to the Development of Spherical Culture in the World

References

 

Appendix I   Statistics of Ancient Spherical Artifacts in China

Appendix II The Archaeological Excavation Reports on which This Book Is Based