The Origin of Chinese Science and Civilization-Volume 4

The Origin of Chinese Science and Civilization 

Honghai Deng

Volume 4

The New Monogenesis of Ancient Writing Systems in the World:

The Ten thousand-year History of the Evolution of Numeral Groups

  

Contents

Preface

 

Chapter 1  The Primitive Symbolic System

  • Primitive Internal Symbols
  • Primitive External Symbols
  • The Co-evolution of Internal and External Symbols

Chapter 2  The Origin of Chinese Numerals

2.1       Primitive Counters and the Origin of Rod Numerals

2.2      The Origin of Odd and Even Numbers

2.3      The Evolution of Chinese Numerals

2.4      Ancient Numeral Notation Systems in the World

Chapter 3  Numeral Groups in the Early Neolithic China

  • The Primitive Fuxi Gua: Binary Numeral Groups 
  • The Early Fuxi Gua: Pentax Numeral Groups

          3.3       Universal Uses of Fuxi Gua in Ancient China

Chapter 4  Numeral Groups in the Early-mid Neolithic China

  • The Shennong Gua: Decimal Numeral Groups
  • Popularization of Shennong Gua in Prehistorical China

          4.3       From Shennong Gua to Pictographic Characters

Chapter 5  Numeral Groups in The Mid-late Neolithic and Chalcolithic China

  • The Huangdi Gua:  and/or -based Numeral Groups
  • Popularization of Huangdi Gua in Prehistorical China

          5.3       From Huangdi Gua to Pictographic Characters

Chapter 6  Numeral Groups in the Chalcolithic China

  • Clan Signs as Pictographs contained Numeral Groups

          6.2       Advanced Transformation of Numeral Groups into Pictographic Characters

          6.3       Continuous Uses of Numeral Groups as Writings

Chapter 7  Numeral Groups in the Bronze Age China

          7.1      The New Stage of the Evolution of Numeral Groups

          7.2      Numeral Groups and Pictographic Characters in Xia Dynasty

          7.3     The Substitution of Oracle-bone Inscription Characters for Numeral Groups   

          7.4     Continuous Folk Uses of Numeral Groups as Writings 

Chapter 8  Numeral Groups in the Bronze and Iron Age China

          8.1      The Functions of Numeral Groups Focused on Divinations

          8.2      Numeral Groups Remained in Oracle-bone Inscriptions

          8.3     The Numerals in Numeral Groups Concentered on and or

          8.4     Continuous Folk Uses of Numeral Groups as Writings in Remote Regions

Chapter 9   The Transformation of Numeral Groups into Trigrams and Hexagrams

          9.1      The Substitution of Trigrams and Hexgrams for Numeral Groups

          9.2     Continuous Folk Uses of Numeral Groups as Writings in Some Regions

Chapter 10  Numeral Groups were Proto-Characters Used Commonly

                      by Prehistorical Chineses

 

Chapter 11   From Numeral Groups to Pictographic and Alphabetic Writings

          11.1      Counting-rods, Rod-numerals, Numeral Groups and Pictograms

          11.2      Patterns and Picture Writings of Numeral Groups

          11.3     Numeral Groups and Gua-based Pictograms

          11.4     From Numeral Groups to Ancient Chinese Characters

          11.5     From Numeral Groups to Ancient Yi-national Characters

          11.6     From Numeral Groups to Sumerian Pictographs

          11.7    From Numeral Groups to Ancient Egyptian Pictographs

          11.8    From Numeral Groups to Phoenicia Alphabet

Chapter 12  The Numeral Group System Was the Oldest Ancestor of Ancient Writing

                      Systems in the World

          12.1   The Essance of All Ancient Writing Systems and the Stages of Their Evolution  

          12.2   The Common Properties of All Ancient Writing Systems

          12.3   Only the Numeral Group System Could Provide All Essentials for Inventing A

                    Writing System

          12.4   The Historical Necessity of the Transformation from the Numeral Group

                    System to Ancient Writing Systems

         Appendix   The Archaeological Excavation Reports on which This Book Is Based